Global Affairs

College of Humanities and Social Sciences

Courses and Syllabi

The University Catalog is the authoritative source for information on courses. The Schedule of Classes is the authoritative source for information on classes scheduled for this semester. See the Schedule for the most up-to-date information and see Patriot web to register for classes.

Select a course code:

Choose a level to see the sections of History scheduled for Summer 2014.

Undergraduate

100-Level Courses in HIST

HIST 100: 3 Credits

History of Western Civilization

History of Western civilization from ancient Mediterranean origins through medieval and modern development of Europe to contemporary world.

HIST 101: 3 Credits

Foundations of Western Civilization

Evolution of Western culture from ancient Mediterranean world to formation of modern Europe in 17th century.

HIST 102: 3 Credits

Development of Western Civilization

History of Western institutions and ideas from 17th century to the present.

HIST 121: 3 Credits

Formation of the American Republic

Social, political, economic, and intellectual growth of American institutions from colonization through Reconstruction.

HIST 122: 3 Credits

Development of Modern America

History of the United States since 1877.

HIST 125: 3 Credits

Introduction to World History

Analytical approach to world history overview that surveys major features of principal existing civilizations of world, as originally formed and as altered by key global processes including forces of modernity.

HIST 130: 3 Credits

History of the Modern Global System

Provides understanding of processes that have shaped modern world. Beginning in 1500, traces developments that reorganized peoples, reshaped cultures, and generated new economies in interaction between Western and non-Western societies. Focuses on Western and non-Western regions of world, and their participation in global networks resulting from mercantile expansion, industrial revolution, imperialism, nationalism, and legacies in postcolonial period.

200-Level Courses in HIST

HIST 200: 3 Credits

Freshman/Sophomore Seminar in U.S. History

Focuses on skills, methods of learning, and subject matter to introduce discipline of history.

HIST 201: 3 Credits

Freshman/Sophomore Seminar in European History

Focuses on skills, methods of learning, and subject matter to introduce discipline of history.

HIST 202: 3 Credits

Freshman/Sophomore Seminar in Global History

Focuses on skills, methods of learning, and subject matter to introduce discipline of history.

HIST 251: 3 Credits

Survey of East Asian History

Surveys history of China and Japan from prehistoric times to ca. 1600.

HIST 252: 3 Credits

Survey of East Asian History

Surveys history of China and Japan from early modern times (ca. 1600) to present.

HIST 261: 3 Credits

Survey of African History

Focuses on the sub-Saharan region and examines evolving systems of kinship power, spirituality, and slavery. Explores the interactions between Africans and global influences from the religions of the book and colonialism to the politics of development and continuities and changes in production. HIST 261 surveys African history from the earliest times to 1800. HIST 262 surveys African history from 1800 to the present.

HIST 262: 3 Credits

Survey of African History

Focuses on the sub-Saharan region and examines evolving systems of kinship power, spirituality, and slavery. Explores the interactions between Africans and global influences from the religions of the book and colonialism to the politics of development and continuities and changes in production. HIST 261 surveys African history from the earliest times to 1800. HIST 262 surveys African history from 1800 to the present.

HIST 271: 3 Credits

Survey of Latin American History

Surveys colonial era to 1825. Emphasizes interactions of United States, Latin America.

HIST 272: 3 Credits

Survey of Latin American History

Surveys development of independent Latin America since 1825. Emphasizes interactions of United States, Latin America.

HIST 281: 3 Credits

Survey of Middle Eastern Civilization

Survey of Middle Eastern history from rise of Islam to present, emphasizing processes that led to emergence of economic, cultural, social, and political institutions that characterize region today. Surveys period from rise of Islam in 570 to medieval period (ca. 1258)

HIST 282: 3 Credits

Survey of Middle Eastern Civilization

Survey of Middle Eastern history from rise of Islam to present, emphasizing processes that led to emergence of economic, cultural, social, and political institutions that characterize region today. Surveys medieval period to present.

HIST 298: 1 Credits

History and the Web

Introduces techniques and methods of creating historical web sites. Overview of historical resources on web, including Internet archives, hypertext scholarly articles, and online exhibits. Examines new narrative and interpretive possibilities for doing history.

HIST 299: 1 Credits

Databases for Historians

Introduces techniques and methods to create historical databases. Overview of web, CD-ROM, and personal databases helpful for historical research. Examines database as electronic archive and interpretive and analytical tool.

300-Level Courses in HIST

HIST 300: 3 Credits

Introduction to Historical Method

Introduces research skills and methods, as well as historical interpretation, culminating in written and oral presentations.

HIST 301: 3 Credits

Classical Greece

Political, social, economic, and cultural history of classical Greece from development of the city-state through 5th century.

HIST 302: 3 Credits

Classical Rome

Political, social, economic, and cultural history of classical Rome from founding of the city through fall of Roman republic.

HIST 304: 3 Credits

Western Europe in the Middle Ages

Survey of development of European society from collapse of Roman rule in 5th century to advent of Black Death in 14th century. Emphasizes political, social, cultural, and intellectual growth of society that developed from Roman, Catholic, and Germanic roots.

HIST 305: 3 Credits

The Renaissance

Survey considering Renaissance as phenomenon rather than chronological period. Emphasizes growth of humanism in Italy in 14th and 15th centuries, development of new political concepts, and laicization of society. Includes transmission of these developments to transalpine Europe in late 15th and 16th centuries.

HIST 306: 3 Credits

The Reformation

Late medieval ecclesiastical conditions and reform movements, late scholasticism, Protestant Reformation, Catholic Reformation, dynastic rivalries, and religious wars. Concludes with Peace of Westphalia.

HIST 307: 3 Credits

Old Regime and Revolutionary Europe

Political, social, economic, and cultural history of Europe from 1648 to 1815. Crisis of authority, consolidation of the state, absolutism, colonial expansion, the Scientific Revolution and the Enlightenment, and the French Revolution and Napoleon.

HIST 308: 3 Credits

Nineteenth-Century Europe

History of Europe from Congress of Vienna to outbreak of World War I.

HIST 309: 3 Credits

Europe in Crisis: 1914-1948

Two world wars, the Great Depression, and political and cultural revolutions transformed Europe as never before. Explores causes and consequences of these tumultuous events, and concludes with consideration of reconstruction that caps period.

HIST 312: 3 Credits

Nationalism in Eastern Europe

Examines history of modern Eastern Europe from mid-19th century through collapse of communist regimes in 1989, and includes focus on Yugoslav wars of 1990s. Nationalism provides organizing theme; topic approached through literature, political, social, cultural, and new media sources. Class sessions emphasize discussion of central issues and sources.

HIST 314: 3 Credits

History of Germany

Political, diplomatic, economic, social, and cultural development of Germany from dissolution of Holy Roman Empire to present.

HIST 321: 3 Credits

Early Modern England

History of England from late 15th to mid-18th century, focusing on social, political, economic, and cultural changes of period with particular attention to English Reformation and causes and consequences of English Civil War.

HIST 322: 3 Credits

Modern Britain

History of Britain from mid-18th century to present. Focuses on social, political, and economic transformations of industrialization; culture of 19th-century industrial society; problems of late 19th-century economic competition and imperialism; creation of welfare state; and experience of post-World War II political, social, and economic realignments.

HIST 327: 3 Credits

The Soviet Union and Russia Since World War II

Analyzes the Soviet Union, the Cold War "enemy" of the United States, from victory in World War II under Joseph Stalin through collapse in 1991. Studies the fifteen independent countries that emerged from the Soviet collapse, including Russia, the Baltic States, Ukraine, Belarus, Moldova, Central Asia, and the Caucasus, which continue to influence world politics and culture today.

HIST 328: 3 Credits

Rise of Russia

Political, social, and cultural development of Russia from early times to the end of the 19th century.

HIST 329: 3 Credits

Modern Russia and the Soviet Union

Russia and the Soviet Union from the early 20th century to the present. Focuses on the Russian Revolution and the political, social, cultural, and economic developments of the Soviet and post-Soviet eras.

HIST 330: 3 Credits

The United States Since World War II

Examines major domestic and foreign policy factors that shaped American experience from World War II to present. Includes political, social, and economic forces as they affected nation's history.

HIST 331: 3 Credits

Postwar United States, 1945-1973

Examines political, cultural, and economics history in the three decades after 1945. Themes include the emergence of the civil rights movement and feminism; the domestic and international events of the Cold War, especially the Vietnam War; and the rise and fall of the presidency's prestige in the years of the Great Society and Watergate.

HIST 332: 3 Credits

United States since 1973

Examines political, cultural, and economics history since the end of the Vietnam War. Themes include the shifting political economy of the country during the resurgence of conservatism, the political debates over culture and identity, and the waning of the Cold War and its replacement with other international concerns.

HIST 333: 3 Credits

The Automobile in the United States

Examines the biography of one of the most important characters in twentieth-century U.S. history: the automobile. Embraces the histories of business, policy, labor, the environment, technology, and culture, and seeks a holistic understanding of the role of the car in American life.

HIST 335: 3 Credits

The African American Experience in the United States: African Background to 1885

History of African American experience in United States including African origins; trans-Atlantic slave trade; development of slavery in colonial, revolutionary, and antebellum periods; abolitionist movements; and African American participation in Civil War and during Reconstruction.

HIST 336: 3 Credits

The African American Experience in the United States: Reconstruction to the Present

History of African American life in post-slavery America, and rise and consequences of racial segregation in 19th and 20th centuries. Examines African American response to continued racial inequality and repression. Covers great migration, urbanization, black nationalism, and civil rights era, as well as contemporary debates about race.

HIST 337: 3 Credits

Race and Gender in American Sports

Examines how ideas about race and gender have affected sports in America from late 19th century to the 1980s. Will also consider how athletes and sporting activities have shaped American racial and gender paradigms.

HIST 338: 3 Credits

History of College Athletics

Examines America's unique blend of higher education and sports from 1870s to modern collaborations between college athletic programs and America's media outlets.

HIST 339: 3 Credits

History of Baseball

Examines development of baseball in U.S. context of labor, intellectual, economic and political events including racial segregation.

HIST 340: 3 Credits

History of American Racial Thought

Introduces history of American racial thought, with particular emphasis on relationship between social theory and social practices of racism in American life. Examines origins.

HIST 341: 3 Credits

History of Sport in the United States

Examines the roots of American sport in colonial play and recreation, the emergence of organized and national sports, issues of gender and race in the sporting world, and the intersection of U.S. sport with events such as the Civil Rights Movement and the Cold War.

HIST 342: 3 Credits

The African American Experience in Modern Sport

Examines the history of African American athletes and their experiences with the sporting world from the late nineteenth century to the present. Explores African Americans' relationship to various sports against the backdrop of important historical moments in the U.S. Studies scientific racism and black athletic superiority, the experience of African American women in sport, and sport and celebrity culture.

HIST 343: 3 Credits

Gender and Modern American Sport

Examines the history of the gendering of U.S. sport from the late nineteenth century to the present. Explores how masculinity and American sport became wedded in the nineteenth century; women athletes' efforts to compete against the backdrop of changing American attitudes toward gender, femininity, and sexuality; and contemporary gender and sport issues.

HIST 344: 3 Credits

The Rise of American Popular Entertainment and Sport

Examines the history of the growth of sport in the context of the emergence of a mass popular culture in the U.S. during the early part of the twentieth century. Explores the emergence of working-class leisure, the growth of popular music, film and amusement parks, and changes to American sport.

HIST 345: 3 Credits

History of American Foreign Relations

Survey of American diplomacy from Revolutionary War to present, with emphasis on 20th-century issues.

HIST 350: 3 Credits

U.S. Women's History

History of women and their changing status and gender roles in American society from colonial period through "second wave" of feminism in 1970s. Explores images and lives of women of different class, ethnic, and regional origins. Also focuses on women's political, economic, and legal conditions, and changes in them.

HIST 351: 3 Credits

History of the Old South

History of South to outbreak of Civil War, with particular emphasis on rise of sectionalism. Focuses on development of distinct Southern culture through emergence of economic, political, social, agricultural, and intellectual institutions.

HIST 352: 3 Credits

The South since 1865

History of South during Reconstruction, Redeemer era, and New South, with particular emphasis on race relations. Covers political, economic, cultural, and intellectual development from aftermath of war.

HIST 353: 3 Credits

History of Traditional China

China from earliest times to period of modern Western intrusion. Development of traditional Chinese culture, society, and government.

HIST 354: 3 Credits

Modern China

China from 1644 to the People's Republic of China. Emphasizes coming of West and various stages of Chinese reaction.

HIST 356: 3 Credits

Modern Japan

Japan from Meiji Restoration to World War II. Emphasizes Japan's modernization in face of challenge.

HIST 357: 3 Credits

Postwar Japan

History of Japan from World War II to present. Examines Japanese experience of several key moments: Japan's defeat in Pacific War, reconstruction during U.S. occupation, rise to economic prominence during 1960s and 1970s, and cultural and international identity crisis during 1980s and 1990s.

HIST 358: 3 Credits

Post-1949 China

Puts People's Republic of CHINA (PRC) into historical context by assessing legacies of China's socialist revolution (1949-1976) and post-socialist reforms (1978-present). Explores revolutionary heritage of the Chinese Communist Party, goals and agendas of china's socialist state, ideologies and policies shaping urban and rural development, individual agency and responses to revolutionary mass mobilization and market reforms.

HIST 360: 3 Credits

History of South Africa

Explores the historical processes that led to the rise of African kingdoms, colonialism, industrialization, resistance movements, and legalized segregation.

HIST 364: 3 Credits

Revolution and Radical Politics in Latin America

During 20th century, Latin America has witnessed both peaceful political movements and violent revolutions aimed at achieving social justice. Considers several of these movements in comparative perspective: Mexican Revolution, Arbenz government in Guatemala, Allende regime in Chile, Cuban and Nicaraguan revolutions, and Brazilian Worker's Party.

HIST 365: 3 Credits

Conquest and Colonization in Latin America

Examines forms of conquest and colonization practiced by Aztec, Inca, Spanish, and Portuguese in what is now Latin America. Includes role of ideology and religion in imperial rule, use of warfare to create empires and colonies, and implementation of political and economic systems to rule subject people.

HIST 366: 3 Credits

Comparative Slavery

Examines systems of slavery from ancient world to modern world, with special emphasis on Atlantic slave trade and slave societies in Latin America and Anglo America. Considers impact of slaves and slavery on cultural, economic, and political systems in Africa and Americas from 16th to 19th centuries.

HIST 367: 3 Credits

History, Fiction, and Film in Latin America

Explores modern Latin American history through different types of texts: scholarly histories, historical novels, fictional films, documentary films, and oral history. Explores ways these texts produce knowledge about the past. What motivates different approaches? What counts as evidence? How do we know what really happened? How do we decide what mattered and what did not? Also introduces several important episodes in 20th century Latin American history.

HIST 370: 3 Credits

War and American Society

Examines war and American society from the colonial period to the post-Cold War era, including how military institutions, war, and the preparation for war have affected American society, and how Americans have thought about military service, experience war, and made peace through their history. Special emphasis on civil-military relations and the role of war and militarism in American culture.

HIST 373: 3 Credits

The Civil War and Reconstruction

Analyzes the history of the American Civil War from its origins in the late 18th century to the withdrawal of federal troops from the south in 1877. Examines the political, social, and economic issues that led to war; the home fronts, war leadership, diplomacy, combat motivation, and grand strategy; problems associated with reconstituting the nation's political institutions; and the integration of millions of newly freed slaves.

HIST 377: 3 Credits

The Vietnam War

Covers the causes, major events, and legacies of America's Vietnam War, including an introduction to Vietnamese history and culture, American decisions for war, strategy and major military engagements, diplomacy and peace talks, and the aftermath of the conflict in Vietnam and United States.

HIST 386: 3-6 Credits

Topics in History

Study of historical topics of special interest.

HIST 387: 3-6 Credits

Topics in Global History

Study of historical topics or periods of special interest in global, Latin American, African, Asian, or Middle Eastern history.

HIST 388: 3 Credits

Topics in European History

Study of historical topics or periods of special interest.

HIST 389: 3 Credits

Topics in U.S. History

Study of historical topics or periods of special interest.

HIST 390: 3 Credits

The Digital Past

Teaches the fundamentals of information technology within the context of a history course. Students learn fundamentals and skills as well as how our society became so enamored of and dependent on these knowledge and information tools. Understanding a new technology requires understanding how new technologies transform the societies that embrace them. Emphasizes the use of free and open-source software whenever possible.

HIST 391: 3 Credits

History of Virginia to 1800

Discovery and settlement of Virginia. Colonial period with emphasis on development of representative government and race relations, Golden Age of Virginia dynasty, and coming of Civil War.

HIST 392: 3 Credits

History of Virginia Since 1800

Decision to secede, Civil War and Reconstruction, Readjustors and Populism, disfranchisement and Constitution of 1902, and rise of Senator Harry F. Byrd. Recent developments.

HIST 393: 3 Credits

Topics in Film and History

Study of historical periods or topics from perspective of feature films and documentaries.

HIST 398: 1-6 Credits

Historical Study Abroad

Intended for participation in formally organized course offered by Center for Global Education during intersession or spring break.

HIST 399: 1-9 Credits

Internship

Approved work-study programs in cooperation with specific organizations including area museums; archives; historic sites; and local, state, and federal agencies.

400-Level Courses in HIST

HIST 401: 3 Credits

Colonial America

Intensive study of colonial American history from European origins through Revolutionary War.

HIST 403: 3 Credits

Revolutionary Era in American History, 1763-1812

Study of formative years of new republic from Treaty of Paris of 1783 to election of 1820.

HIST 404: 3 Credits

Jacksonian America, 1812-1854

Study of age of Andrew Jackson. Emphasizes democratic institutions that emerged as dominant influences in American society.

HIST 409: 3 Credits

Between the Wars: The United States, 1919-1941

Intensive study of political, social, economic, and diplomatic developments in 1920s and 1930s.

HIST 417: 3 Credits

History of Metropolitan Washington

Examines urban and suburban growth in Washington, D.C., and its suburbs in Maryland and Virginia since 1790, in context of U.S. urban history.

HIST 418: 3 Credits

Ethnic Groups in America

Explores ethnicity and race in American urban society by comparing experiences of different ethnic groups as migrants to American cities.

HIST 426: 3 Credits

The Russian Revolution

Era of revolutionary activity from 19th century to end of 1920s, with emphasis on Russian Revolutions of 1917. Explores why revolutionary situation developed; political, social, and cultural issues at stake; why it took various forms; and revolution's contribution to nature of Soviet state and post-Soviet problems.

HIST 431: 3 Credits

Medieval Intellectual Topics

Selected topics in intellectual history of Middle Ages. Topics vary, depending on discipline of instructor.

HIST 435: 3 Credits

Society and Culture in Early Modern Europe

Examines social and cultural lives of Europeans from end of Middle Ages to Industrial Revolution. Emphasizes popular and elite culture, as well as bridges and interrelationships between them. Focuses on religious, artistic, literary, and recreational behavior. Covers political activity and riots, strikes, royal receptions, and rituals.

HIST 436: 3 Credits

European Society and Culture: 19th and 20th Centuries

Examines major cultural trends in Europe since French Revolution. Major themes include romanticism; socialism; Marxism; and social effect of modernization, science, and societies.

HIST 455: 3 Credits

History of Print Journalism

Development of print journalism from inception to present, with emphasis on interaction of technology, audience, and government intervention. Topics include birth of press; development of modern newspaper and American development, including Revolutionary and Civil wars; rise of independent press; and yellow journalism.

HIST 460: 3 Credits

Modern Iran

Modern Iran, from 1800 to present, in context of several broad themes: institutional structure of state; role of great powers in Iran and Iranian response to economic, military, technological, and ideological challenge posed by West; interaction of religion and other ideologies and politics; economic development and impact on politics and society; and ways historians have sought to understand and interpret modern Iranian history.

HIST 461: 3 Credits

Arab-Israeli Conflict

Overview of history of Arab-Israeli conflict. Examines conflict from various perspectives: over land and between competing nationalisms and identities; in terms of national interests of various states, including Israelis and Palestinians as well as other Arab governments and great powers; and in terms of peace making and conflict resolution. Some knowledge of history of Middle East since World War I strongly advised.

HIST 462: 3 Credits

Women in Islamic Society

Surveys history of women in Islamic society from rise of Islam to present day. Examines historical processes that affected role and status of women in society, and specific topics around which issues of gender status and identity coalesced, especially in modern period.

HIST 465: 3 Credits

The Middle East in the 20th Century

Political, social, and cultural history of Middle East since World War I. Emergence of Israel, Arab nationalism, and political and economic influence of Middle East in world affairs.

HIST 466: 3 Credits

Origins of Conflict in Southern Africa

Explores historical origins of conflict in South Africa, focusing on themes of economic change, cultural interaction, and political consolidation during past five centuries.

HIST 480: 3 Credits

Alexander the Great

Rise of Persia, Persian wars with Greece, subjugation of Greece by Philip II of Macedonia, and Alexander the Great and his conquest of Persian empire.

HIST 490: 3 Credits

Honors Directed Readings, Honors Directed Research

Students must have completed at least one course in the field, or with the professor, chosen for these honors courses.

HIST 491: 3 Credits

Honors Directed Readings, Honors Directed Research

Students must have completed at least one course in the field, or with the professor, chosen for these honors courses.

HIST 498: 1-3 Credits

Directed Readings/Research in History

Readings, research conducted on individual basis in consultation with instructor.

HIST 499: 3 Credits

Senior Seminar in History

Research on specialized historical topic culminating in seminar paper and oral presentation. Synthesis course; students expected to integrate knowledge and skills acquired in general education courses.

Topics in HIST

HIST 386: 3-6 Credits

Topics in History

Study of historical topics of special interest.

HIST 387: 3-6 Credits

Topics in Global History

Study of historical topics or periods of special interest in global, Latin American, African, Asian, or Middle Eastern history.

HIST 388: 3 Credits

Topics in European History

Study of historical topics or periods of special interest.

HIST 389: 3 Credits

Topics in U.S. History

Study of historical topics or periods of special interest.

HIST 393: 3 Credits

Topics in Film and History

Study of historical periods or topics from perspective of feature films and documentaries.

Graduate

500-Level Courses in HIST

HIST 510: 3 Credits

Approaches to Modern World History

Introduces historical study of world beyond Europe and United States. Students read major theoretical works and case studies of particular regions. Examines imperialism, national identity, and various forms of popular resistance; familiarizes students with range of scholarly approaches, including world systems theory and subaltern studies.

HIST 523: 1-3 Credits

Issues in American History

Reading, analysis of selected problems.

HIST 524: 3 Credits

Issues in European History

Reading, analysis of selected problems.

HIST 525: 3 Credits

Problems in Latin American History

Analysis of selected problems. Emphasizes reading and discussion of historical interpretations, and development of bibliography.

HIST 535: 3 Credits

Problems in Comparative World History

Investigates selected problems in global and comparative history, covering multiple countries or world regions.

HIST 555: 3 Credits

Problems in Asian History

Discussion of readings and historical interpretations and compilation of a comprehensive bibliography on given theme.

HIST 565: 3 Credits

Problems in African History

Analysis of selected problems in African history. Emphasis on reading and discussion of historical interpretations and development of bibliography.

HIST 575: 3 Credits

Approaches to Middle East and Islamic History

Introduces students to the central issues and debates surrounding the study of the Middle East, Islam, and Muslim societies. Covers key methodological issues including the role of area studies vis‐à‐vis disciplinary approaches and debates on the politics of knowledge production and historiography.

HIST 585: 3 Credits

Problems in Middle Eastern History

Analyzes selected problem. Emphasizes reading and discussion of historical interpretations, and development of bibliography.

HIST 598: 1-3 Credits

Historical Study Abroad

Intended for participation in formally organized course offered by the Center for Global Education.

600-Level Courses in HIST

HIST 601: 3 Credits

Themes in U.S. History I

Survey of U.S. History prior to 1877. Designed for individuals entering the graduate program who need to strengthen preparation in area, or who seek to enhance knowledge of latest interpretations in field. Stresses factual knowledge and its interpretation.

HIST 602: 3 Credits

Themes in U.S. History II

Continuation of HIST 601.

HIST 605: 3 Credits

Themes in European History I

Survey of European history from 1500 to 1815. Designed for individuals entering graduate program who need to strengthen preparation in this area, or who seek to enhance knowledge of latest interpretations in field. Stresses factual knowledge and its interpretation.

HIST 606: 3 Credits

Themes in European History II

Survey of European history from 1815 to present. Designed for individuals entering graduate program who need to strengthen preparation in this area, or who seek to enhance knowledge of latest interpretations in field. Stresses factual knowledge and its interpretation.

HIST 610: 3 Credits

The Study and Writing of History

Methodology of the historian including techniques of research, use of documentation and other sources, development of bibliography, and synthesis of material.

HIST 613: 3 Credits

The Colonial Origins of American Society

Study of evolution of elements in colonial society that affect contemporary American institutions and patterns of behavior.

HIST 615: 1-6 Credits

Problems in American History

Readings and discussion of bibliographies, interpretations, and research trends in topics selected by instructor.

HIST 616: 3 Credits

U.S. Westward Movement

Investigates continuity and change in American West. Topics include economic development, ethnicity, rural and urban life, and role of federal government.

HIST 617: 3 Credits

Topics in the American Civil War Era

Joint project of instructor and students into various aspects of common topic in Civil War era, with emphasis on historiography and historical method.

HIST 618: 3 Credits

The Age of Jackson, 1815-1854

Survey of social, cultural, intellectual, economic, and political changes in United States during period of rapid growth and expansion. Topics include second-party system; growth of sectionalism, nationalism, and expansionism; industrialization and spread of market economy; rise of romantic reform and evangelical religion; and growth of abolitionist and proslavery movements.

HIST 619: 3 Credits

The Constitution, Civil Liberties, and the Supreme Court

Investigates evolution of civil liberties in American history, and interaction of three branches of government in applying various constitutional guarantees. Students read extensively in Supreme Court decisions and secondary literature, and undertake independent research.

HIST 620: 3 Credits

Development of the Early Republic, 1783-1815

Investigates breakdown of Confederation, Constitutional Convention, and role of revolutionary ideology of republicanism. Discusses leadership and policies of republic in hostile international context. Students read extensively in monographic literature and prepare research paper.

HIST 621: 3 Credits

Virginia and the American Revolution

Detailed examination of Virginia society on eve of American Revolution, and role in events from 1750 to 1789. Combines lectures, discussion of major themes, ideas, and personalities.

HIST 623: 3 Credits

Recent U.S. History, 1945 to Present

Selected political, social, economic, diplomatic, and cultural forces that shaped the post-World War II American experience.

HIST 624: 3 Credits

U.S. Diplomatic History

Study of selected issues in American foreign relations and changing historical interpretations of American diplomacy.

HIST 626: 3 Credits

Approaches to American Culture

Focuses on various approaches historians have taken to history of American culture: questions they asked, assumptions they made, disciplinary tools they used, and types of materials they analyzed. Concentrates on patterns of culture, and what they say about American past and present.

HIST 628: 3 Credits

Immigration and Ethnicity in the United States

Examines immigration and ethnicity in America since 1840. Considers why immigrants came, from where, under what circumstances, and how they adapted. Examines immigration policy and American attitudes toward immigration and ethnicity.

HIST 629: 3 Credits

The Gilded Age and Progressive Era

Examines history of United States from 1877 to 1918, with attention to history of reform movements and politics, and social history of the period. Familiarizes with major issues and historical literature of the period.

HIST 630: 3 Credits

U.S. Women's History

Wide-ranging survey of burgeoning field of women's history, emphasizing critical evaluation of sources and interpretation. Readings represent variety of approaches, which may include material culture studies, medical history, history of sexuality, political history, and social and cultural history.

HIST 631: 3 Credits

Era of the American Revolution

Examines history and historiography of revolutionary era, with special emphasis on social and ideological interpretations of period. Includes events leading to War for Independence, war itself, and social and political effects of war on American society.

HIST 633: 3 Credits

Reconstruction

Examines panoply of political, social, economic, and constitutional concerns from 1863 to 1880, as North and South struggled over outcome of Civil War. Addresses political institutions and power in postwar North and South, and place of former slaves in society, politics, and economy.

HIST 634: 3 Credits

Interwar America: 1918-1939

Considers issues of United States between the two world wars. Explores various ways issues complemented and contradicted each other in rich and complex historical era.

HIST 635: 3 Credits

Problems in European History

Investigates selected problems. Readings, discussions, development of bibliographies. Primary sources used where possible.

HIST 636: 3 Credits

Political Culture in Twentieth-Century Germany and Austria: Continuities and Discontinuities

Recent interpretations of key political events of 20th century. Asks if there were fundamental continuities in structure of German and Austrian society that can be observed throughout the period under review.

HIST 637: 3 Credits

Great Britain: Empire to Commonwealth, 1870-1970

Examines rise of "new imperialism" in Great Britain from 1870 to end of empire, and gradual formation of Commonwealth of Nations.

HIST 638: 3 Credits

Western Europe in the Post-War Period

Examines process of reconstruction, reconciliation, and integration in Western Europe in 20 years after World War II.

HIST 639: 3 Credits

Society and Politics in Western Europe, 1750-1914

Focuses on changes in social conditions and ramifications in political life. Attention to urbanization of workers, changes in peasantry, growth of middle classes, decline of nobility, and major political developments and expansion of liberal reforms.

HIST 640: 3 Credits

Metropolitan Cities of Europe in the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries

Studies individual cities, and investigates particular cities in depth. Considers economic, social, cultural, and political features of urban life.

HIST 642: 3 Credits

Humanism and the Renaissance

The Renaissance as a unique period in European cultural history from ca. 1350 to 1520. Concentrates on Italian situation as standard, with consideration given to manifestations of Renaissance in northern Europe, especially Germany, until Reformation. Focuses on recent studies of political, social, intellectual, and religious changes. Students write class reports and a larger bibliographic paper.

HIST 643: 3 Credits

Religion and Society in the Reformation Era

The Reformation, ca. 1500 to 1650, was a time of major religious, intellectual, social, and political upheaval in European history. Investigates reasons for changes, and effects on European society. First half focuses on Germany, but major events throughout Europe are studied.

HIST 644: 3 Credits

Society and Culture in Early Modern Europe

Overview of most recent historical work on social and cultural history of premodern West, ca. 1400 to 1800. Uses theoretical approaches and empirical methodologies of other disciplines, especially social anthropology, sociology, and literary theory, to shed new light on popular culture, class, manners, taste, rituals, religion, language, gender, and the state. Formulates new topics of research and poses new questions, and suggests new approach to more traditional topics such as politics, religion, and ideas.

HIST 645: 3 Credits

The Russian Revolution and the Origins of the Soviet State

Period between 1890 and 1924 with concentration on sources of Bolshevism, problems of old regime as they led to revolutions of 1905 and 1917, and establishment of new regime and its survival in environment of foreign and civil war.

HIST 670: 3 Credits

Introduction to Behavioral History

Analyzes and investigates the historical origins and development of contemporary behaviors and values, with particular emphasis on how these behaviors and values, as well as our perceptions of them, have changed over time and place.

HIST 675: 3 Credits

Problems in Military History

Readings and discussion of bibliographies, interpretations, and research trends in military history topics selected by the instructor.

HIST 677: 3 Credits

The Vietnam War

Considers the causes, major events, and historiographic debates of America’s Vietnam War including the war’s antecedents in Vietnamese history, American decisions for war, strategy and major military engagements, the American antiwar movement, and diplomacy and peace talks.

HIST 679: 3 Credits

War and Remembrance

Considers various approaches to the study of public or collective memory as it pertains to war, in particular how people around the world have constructed memories of war and how those memories have been expressed in literature, popular culture, memorials, and commemorative activities.

HIST 689: 3 Credits

Teaching and Learning History in the Digital Age

Examines what happens when instructors integrate new media technology into history classroom. Includes consideration of learning theory, new media theory, and an in-depth examination of state-of-the-art in practice. In the final third of semester, students produce practicum that is either working history teaching web site or concept paper for site, depending on student's degree of technical sophistication. No prior facility with information technology required. Course appropriate for graduate students working as teachers or planning career in teaching.

HIST 690: 3 Credits

The Administration of Archives and Manuscripts

Introduces principles and practices of managing records and administering archival and manuscript collections, public and private. Designed for graduate students with special interest in historical sources as well as for those specializing in applied history.

HIST 691: 3 Credits

Museum Studies

General introduction to museums of history and museum studies in the United States, intended for interested citizen as well as for assistance to students in course and career choices. Explores development, present state, and future possibilities of U.S. Museums, with some reference to international developments.

HIST 692: 3 Credits

Historical Editing

Introduces fundamentals of historical editing of documents, including microform, word processing, and computer techniques. Designed for those seeking introduction to various areas of applied history, and those intending to edit historical documents for publication.

HIST 693: 3 Credits

Historic Preservation

General introduction to historic preservation in the United States, intended for interested citizen and to assist students in course and career choices. Explores development, present state, and future possibilities of historic preservation in the United States, with some reference to international aspects of preservation.

HIST 695: 1-3 Credits

History Symposium

Subject of academic and community interest pursued through discussions and lectures by distinguished guest instructors.

HIST 696: 3 Credits

Clio Wired: An Introduction to History and New Media

Students with limited computer competency should consult department before enrolling. Introduces changes that new media and technologies are bringing to how we research, write, present, and teach about the past. Students explore theoretical and historical issues as well as learn hands-on skills in digital history.

HIST 697: 3 Credits

Creating History in New Media

Seminar; students create original historical projects in digital media.

HIST 698: 3 Credits

Advanced Topics in History and New Media

Advanced topics in history and new media not covered in HIST 696, 697. Covers a range of topics at the frontiers of using new media to enable and enhance historical practice and research and will involve in-depth analysis of theoretical frameworks and pragmatic concerns related to the use of specific digital technologies.

700-Level Courses in HIST

HIST 711: 3 Credits

Research Seminar in U.S. History

Research in specialized topics using primary sources.

HIST 731: 3 Credits

Research Seminar in European History

Research in specialized topics using primary sources.

HIST 751: 3 Credits

Research Seminar in Comparative World History

Research seminar requiring comparative research and analysis. Organized around significant topic or theme in field of world history.

HIST 790: 3 Credits

Comprehensive Readings in U.S. History

Integrates past work in major field and fills gaps before comprehensive exam. After a review of graduate experience, student and instructor design reading list to round out preparation for exam.

HIST 791: 3 Credits

Comprehensive Readings in Comparative World History

Integrates past work in major field and fills gaps before comprehensive exam. After a review of graduate course work, student and instructor design reading list to round out preparation for exam.

HIST 792: 3 Credits

Comprehensive Readings in European History Since 1500

Integrates past work in major field and fills gaps before comprehensive exam. After review of graduate experience, student and instructor design reading list to round out preparation for exam.

HIST 794: 3-6 Credits

Internship in Applied History

All internship placements must be approved by the department to ensure suitability to student's program. Introduces applied history through work and study at historical museum, site, library archive, editing project, or other approved agency.

HIST 795: 3 Credits

Practicum in Digital History

Exposes students to various projects in digital history through work and study at the Center for History and New Media. All placements must be approved by CHNM to ensure the suitability of students and projects.

HIST 796: 1-6 Credits

Directed Readings

Independent reading on topic agreed to by student and faculty member.

HIST 798: 3 Credits

Directed Research and Writing in History

Intended for students in department's predoctoral track who are not writing master's thesis. Goal is to produce substantial and original contribution to historical knowledge on model of article in scholarly journal.

HIST 799: 1-6 Credits

Thesis

Master's thesis research and writing under direction of faculty committee.

800-Level Courses in HIST

HIST 800: 3-7 Credits

Studies for the Doctor of Philosophy in Education

Program of studies designed by discipline director and approved by doctoral committee, which brings student to participate in research of discipline director and results in paper reporting original contributions of student.

HIST 801: 3 Credits

New Developments in History

Survey of current developments in historical analysis and methodology.

HIST 802: 1-6 Credits

Readings for Doctor of Arts in Community College Education

Intensive reading of recent scholarship in broad areas of historical study. With advisor, students develop readings list and define at least three areas in which to prepare readings courses.

HIST 803: 3 Credits

Doctoral Readings for Major Field

Independent readings for PhD students on topic agreed on by student and instructor, taken in preparation for completing major field exam. Should be broadly comprehensive of field, and cover major historical themes and historiographical debates.

HIST 804: 3 Credits

Doctoral Readings for Minor Field

Independent readings for PhD students on topic agreed on by student and instructor, taken in preparation for completing minor field statement. Designed to help student master literature of subfield that is subject of field statement.

HIST 810: 1 Credits

History Doctoral Colloquium

Introduces array of scholars and scholarship through discussions of innovative historical events, important theories, and significant methodological breakthroughs in history.

HIST 811: 3 Credits

Doctoral Research Seminar

Students pursue research projects in their areas of specialization.

900-Level Courses in HIST

HIST 998: 1-6 Credits

Doctoral Dissertation Proposal

Work on research proposal that forms basis for doctoral dissertation.

HIST 999: 1-12 Credits

Doctoral Dissertation Research

Doctoral dissertation research and writing under direction of student's dissertation committee.

Topics in HIST

HIST 523: 1-3 Credits

Issues in American History

Reading, analysis of selected problems.

HIST 524: 3 Credits

Issues in European History

Reading, analysis of selected problems.

HIST 525: 3 Credits

Problems in Latin American History

Analysis of selected problems. Emphasizes reading and discussion of historical interpretations, and development of bibliography.

HIST 535: 3 Credits

Problems in Comparative World History

Investigates selected problems in global and comparative history, covering multiple countries or world regions.

HIST 555: 3 Credits

Problems in Asian History

Discussion of readings and historical interpretations and compilation of a comprehensive bibliography on given theme.

HIST 565: 3 Credits

Problems in African History

Analysis of selected problems in African history. Emphasis on reading and discussion of historical interpretations and development of bibliography.

HIST 585: 3 Credits

Problems in Middle Eastern History

Analyzes selected problem. Emphasizes reading and discussion of historical interpretations, and development of bibliography.

HIST 615: 1-6 Credits

Problems in American History

Readings and discussion of bibliographies, interpretations, and research trends in topics selected by instructor.

HIST 635: 3 Credits

Problems in European History

Investigates selected problems. Readings, discussions, development of bibliographies. Primary sources used where possible.